Sculpture is arguably one of the greatest fine art forms known to us and has continuously played a significant role in the Western culture’s evolution. Italy’s developments of Renaissance art as well as the driving force of European civilization are depicted through sculpture of religious art. It might be evolving however; you will find that sculpture leads as method of commemorating and expressing events and historical figures.
Some of the world’s greatest artists have been attracted to sculpture including Damien Hirst during 1965 Constantin Brancusi 1876 – 1957, Henry Moore 1898-1986, Auguste Rodin 1840 -1917, Bernini 1898 -1986, Giambologna 1529 – 1608, Michelangelo 1475 -1654, Donatello 1386 – 1466. Visiting some of the world’s finest art museums, you will find supreme examples of works from sculptures such as them.
The evolution of sculpture however continuously widens during the twentieth century with development of new technology and sculptural tools. New contemporary sculptures now uses a variety spatial schemes, techniques and materials that no sculpture is a fixed category of creative expression, but ever-expanding form of art continuously redefining itself.
Prior to the twentieth century, the sculptures had four primary characteristics that defined it. The three dimensional art was first, the representational factors were second thirdly was that it was solid with empty spaces secondary to its mass without movement. Fourthly, it used to be done through two techniques, modelling or carving. By that, an artist modelled or carved it directly from the material chosen. Currently it does not have to be static or solid, it can be projected glued, assembled, and constructed in any way.